Do Mortgage Lenders Verify Employment Before Closing?

Most mortgage borrowers rely on job-based income to pay their mortgage. Mortgage lenders usually check the amount and stability of income to buy or repay the loan before the mortgage is due to make sure the borrower is eligible. Lenders also verify your employment status through recent income documents. Eligibility for a mortgage before closing generally depends on the lender, the loan schedule, and your employment type.

Why do lenders verify employment before closing?

  • Borrowers may have previous bad credit.
  • The most important factor is being eligible for a documented income mortgage.
  • If the borrower has a documented income, they can qualify for a mortgage.
  • If the borrower has high credit but no documented income, he can not get a mortgage.
  • Lenders want to be sure of the borrower’s income and ensure that they can repay the mortgage monthly.
  • Lenders are doing this to make sure new homeowners can pay their minimum debt without stress.
  • They also want to ensure that the borrower’s current income will continue for the next three years or more.
  • Confirmation of employment is done with the current employer and even past employers so that their documents have a two-year employment history.

How do lenders approve your mortgage?

Lenders want to verify income before closing to ensure that no income decline has occurred. Mortgage lenders calculate the ratio of late and overdue debts. They compare the front-end ratio of your mortgage payment to your gross income and also the back-end ratio of your total monthly debt (including mortgage payments) to your gross income. These ratios indicate whether you can repay the loan or not.

Lenders usually approve your job by contacting their employer directly and reviewing recent income documents. The borrower must sign a form that allows the employer to disclose employment and income information to a potential lender. At that stage, the lender usually contacts the employer to get the necessary information.

Most lenders are satisfied with verbal verification only, but some may verify your information via fax or email with your employer. Lenders can verify their self-employment income by receiving the tax return text from the IRS. Some lenders simply accept recent payment items, or recent income tax returns, and business licenses for their borrowers. However, most loans follow the Fannie Mae, Fredy Mac, or Federal Housing Guidelines and require careful consideration.

Gathering enough information to verify employment (VOE) can be a challenge. There are two types of VOE: written VOE and oral VOE.

The lender will contact the borrower’s employer and verify the borrower’s employment and salary information to gather information. Most employers have a human resources department. The human resources department is the department that approves employment. Once employment is confirmed, the borrower’s salary, including overtime and/or other income, as well as the breakdown of their income over the past two years, will be determined.

Employers may not have the personnel complete a VOE accurately and quickly. If you lose your job recently or are about to lose your job,  your lender may delay in confirming VOE. A last-minute VOE review before closing can detect fraud and prevent your mortgage from being validated. Lenders typically expect a steady income for at least three years. If your employer reports that you are no longer employed or that there is a possibility of unemployment, the lender can reject your loan.

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If the borrower has two years of experience, he/she can use the following methods to earn more money:

  • Part-time income
  • Overtime income
  • Bonus income; can be used as long as there is a two-year history of part-time income.
  • Overtime and bonus income can be used if you are likely to continue working for the next three years.

Verification of information of people with self-employment:

Many people who take out a mortgage are self-employed. In these circumstances, lenders typically need the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 4506-T. This application form is a “copy of tax return” and allows the lender to receive a copy of the borrower’s tax return directly from the IRS. In self-employment, the lender may require a certified public accountant (CPA) to certify income.

If employers refuse to approve your job, there are several steps borrowers can take:

In general, lenders verify the information that borrowers provide in the same mortgage program. They may also verify the data by fax, email, or a combination of all three methods.

Employers may sometimes refuse to approve your job. It may be frustrating if your employer does not approve of your job, but it is easy to rectify the situation in some cases. The first thing you need to do is tell your employer’s HR department that you need confirmation.

Some companies do not provide employment information without your permission. This policy is designed to prevent sensitive information such as your rights from falling into the hands of criminals.

So if your employer does not approve of your job, do not be angry. There are usually ways to deal with this problem. You can try these methods:

There may be state or company laws governing the sharing of job-specific information. So first, ask your employer what laws prevent them from sharing their information. If so, ask your employer to explain this to your mortgage lender. Some lenders may accept your terms when your employer explains that other state laws prevent you from verifying your information.

If the employer does not approve of your job, another way to escape this problem is to find another lender. Other lenders may be more familiar with your state laws or may want to work with your employer.

If you have been in this situation for a long time, it is probably best to get out of this bad situation as soon as possible and think about finding a new job.


Lenders usually check the borrower’s income stability before the mortgage closure date to ensure the borrower can repay the mortgage monthly. The way lenders are employed is that the employer must approve the borrower’s official wages in a particular company. In this article, we looked at employment verification and how to do it in the mortgage process. We hope you enjoy reading this article.

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